2009 Congressional Hispanic Caucus Recognition: “Latinos Leading in the Green Economy and Partnering for the Future.”


common ground


"El Protocolo de Montreal - Asociación mundial para obtener beneficios mundiales"


Día Internacional para la Preservación de la Capa de Ozono -2008

Desde 1994, la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas proclamo el 16 de Septiembre, el Día Internacional para la Preservación de la Capa de Ozono, conmemorando la fecha en la cual, en 1987, fue firmado el Protocolo de Montreal sobre las Sustancias que Dañan la Capa de Ozono.

El tema de la celebración de este año es "El Protocolo de Montreal - Asociación mundial para obtener beneficios mundiales", y su objetivo es celebrar el criterio polifacético adoptado por las Partes en la tarea de aplicar el Protocolo. De hecho, hasta ahora el Protocolo de Montreal ha disminuido las sustancias que agotan el ozono en más de un 95%, protegiendo de esa manera la capa de ozono para las generaciones presentes y futuras. Las disminuciones logradas también han dado por resultado importantes disminuciones de los gases que contribuyen al calentamiento mundial, contribuyendo en gran medida de esa forma a la protección del sistema climático mundial.

Linkages between ozone layer depletion and climate change :The world’s leading scientists have confirmed that global climate change and stratospheric ozone layer deplet ion are inextricably linked. The latest studies predict that the major relat ionships between the two will cause ozone deplet ion to exacerbate climate change and climate change to exacerbate ozone deplet ion, with grave and potentially irreversible consequences for people and ecosystems.

Consumption and Production of Ozone Depleting Substances in Developing Countries

Compliance with the approaching 2010 targets for the phase out of the consumption and production of CFCs and halons is the major challenge facing countries that operate under Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol. At the same time, developing countries must also prepare themselves to comply with the accelerated HCFC phase-out schedule, recently decided by the Parties on the occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, beginning with a freeze in production and consumption by 2013.

Shortly thereafter, in 2015, comes the deadline for the complete phase-out of methyl bromide. Decision makers in developing countries need information that easily conveys where their countries stand in relation to these targets. This Trends Analysis service is designed to provide such a visual tool.

By means of the consumption and production data officially reported by their governments, countries must demonstrate that they fully meet the specific legal obligations (control measures) of the Protocol as per the agreed timetables. Countries must permanently reduce their dependency on ozone depleting substances (ODS) in a step-wise manner and ultimately end it altogether.

During the compliance phase, the phase-out process is country-driven both in terms of responsibilities and needs. This means government commitment and ownership in the process is crucial for success. Nevertheless, as the implementation of the Montreal Protocol is not performed in isolation, partnership and co-operation continues to be essential in this period